72nd Constitution Day of India: India celebrates November 26 every year as ‘Constitution Day’ or ‘Samvidhan Divas’ to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India. On November 26, 1949, India had adopted the Constitution which later came into effect on January 26, 1950. Today, the country marks the 72nd anniversary of the historic event that also marked the dawn of a new era back in 1949.
Constitution Day of India, also known as ‘Samvidhan Divas’ or ‘National Constitution day’ or ‘National Law Day’ aims at raising awareness about the Indian Constitution. In 2015, the BJP-led government had announced that November 26 will be observed as the ‘Constitution Day’ to promote the Constitutional values among the Indian Citizens.
Best wishes to our citizens on Constitution Day.
On this special day, sharing a part of Dr. Ambedkar’s speech
in the Constituent Assembly on 4th November 1948 in which he moved a motion for adoption of the Draft Constitution as settled by the Drafting Committee. pic.twitter.com/pviZNrKsGd
— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi)
November 26, 2021
When is Constitution Day celebrated in India?
India celebrates Constitution Day on November 26 every year. The Union Ministry of Social Justice had notified back in 2015 that the Central Government has decided to celebrate November 26 as Constitution Day.
Why 26 November is celebrated as Constitution Day?
26 November is celebrated as the Constitution Day as on this particular date in 1949 India had adopted the Constitution of India.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, who also became the first Law Minister of India, was appointed as the Chairman of the Constitution drafting committee in 1947. He was given the responsibility of writing the new Constitution after India gained Independence from the British on August 15, 1947.
Constitution Day meaning in Hindi
The Constitution Day in Hindi is called ‘Samvidhan Divas’.
History behind the birth of Constitution of India
India celebrates its Independence on August 15, 1947, and celebrates Republic Day on January 26, 1950, to mark the enforcement of the Constitution of India.
In 1934, the demand of the Constituent Assembly was made by M.N. Roy, a Communist Party leader. It was later taken up by the Congress Party and the demand was accepted by the Britishers in 1940.
Before India gained Independence, the Constituent Assembly of India had met for the first time on December 9, 1946. Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha became the first President of the Constituent Assembly and the meeting continued till January 24, 1950.
Total 11 sessions were convened under the Constituent Assembly and they met for around 166 days. On August 29, 1947, after India became Independent, a drafting committee was constituted for preparing a draft Constitution under the Chairmanship of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
The Drafting Committee of the Indian Constitution finished their work on November 26, 1949, and on January 26, 1950, the Constitution of India came into force.
Importance of Indian Constitution
The Indian Constitution is the supreme law of India. The document lays down the framework that outlines the fundamental political structure, code, powers, procedures, and duties of the Indian Government institutions.
The Indian Constitution is significant as it also outlines the fundamental rights, duties of citizens of India, and directive principles.
The Constitution of India imparts constitutional supremacy and the Parliament cannot override the Constitution. It declares the country as sovereign, socialist and secular, and democratic republic and assures the citizens of the country justice, equality, and liberty.
LIVE: President Kovind’s address at the Constitution Day Celebrations in the Central Hall of the Parliament https://t.co/jX0PTuI0u5
— President of India (@rashtrapatibhvn)
November 26, 2021
Indian Parliament celebrates National Constitution Day
The Parliament of India will observe the Indian Constitution Day on November 26, 2021, and President Ram Nath Kovind will lead the celebrations from Central Hall. Vice President of India M Venkiah Naidu and the Speaker of Lok Sabha Om Birla will also address the event.
Prime Minister Modi is also scheduled to take part in the celebrations of National Constitution Day in Vigyan Bhawan and Parliament. Later, he will also inaugurate the two-day Constitution Day celebrations organized by the Supreme Court of India.